It started with Sherman’s army leaving the decimated city of Atlanta on November 16, 1864 and came to an end on December 21 with the capture … Sherman's Ghosts : Soldiers, Civilians, and the American Way of War, The New Press, 2012. In total, Sherman ended up destroying over 300 miles of railroad tracks and also destroyed many buildings or bridges used for transportation in Georgia. His tactics have remained controversial. What was the outcome of Sherman's march to the sea? Sherman's Ghosts : Soldiers, Civilians, and the American Way of War, The New Press, 2012. 1 decade ago. Though, the tactics on the March provided needless violence and destruction that would have not impacted the outcome of the war, such as looting houses for jewelry, destroying food that couldn’t be carried, and slaughtering livestock at farms, which took away from Southern civilians instead of Confederate troops. These were direct orders from General Sherman. Sherman's March to The Sea Outcome Outcome of Sherman's March to the Sea Outcome of Sherman's march to the Sea By: Bella Burke The South was destroyed and so were their resources. ‘With untiring zeal,’ Union veteran George Ward Nichols wrote in an account of the campaign, ‘the soldiers hunted for concealed treasures’ and confiscated jewelry, plate and other valuables in addition to food. Why don't libraries smell like bookstores? ProQuest Ebook Central, https://ebookcentral-proquest-com.proxy2.cl.msu.edu/lib/michstate-ebooks/detail.action?docID=1826333. Choose from 82 different sets of shermans march flashcards on Quizlet. The March to the Sea, which culminated with the fall of Savannah in December 1864, cut a swath of torn-up railroads, pillaged farms and burned-out … ProQuest Ebook Central, https://ebookcentral-proquest-com.proxy2.cl.msu.edu/lib/michstate-ebooks/detail.action?docID=1826333. Prior to his famous march to the sea, General Sherman led 100,000 men into the southern city of Atlanta. And unfortunately, that is exactly what they did. Despite this important Union victory, the Confederate government and many of its citizens remained committed to the war effort. His first goal was to completely destroy every railroad that he encountered on his march(8). Through his March to the Sea, he became the first general in the nineteenth century to use total war against an opponent. “. On September 1, 1864, Sherman and his army captured Atlanta, Georgia, an important transportation center in the Confederacy. Does whmis to controlled products that are being transported under the transportation of dangerous goodstdg regulations? Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. Sherman’s troops lived off the land and directly targeted farms, factories and railroads — and more — as military targets. Sherman's march to the sea brought the Civil War home to Southern civilians. The march actually began in Atlanta and did not end there. There were only a few Confederate cavalry and Georgia militia to oppose him. Relevance. Explain the purpose and the outcome of Sherman’s March to the Sea. Almost nothing was spared, and traditional rules applying to civilians caught in the path of war were simply not followed. In this video, we ask how bad was it? After capturing Atlanta, Sherman decided that he would march his Army to Savannah. Sherman's psychological warfare of destruction had a major effect on the outcome of the war. Almost nothing was spared, and traditional rules applying to civilians caught in the path of war were simply not followed. Living off of the land required that Sherman’s Army forage food and supplies from the Georgian civilians. The March to Sea lives in infamy not only because of its success, but because of the harsh and controversial tactics deployed by Sherman and used by the entire Union Army. He never punished soldiers who decided to take valuables from Confederates not for use in war, but just because the opportunity presented itself. Not only were Confederate homes not safe from Sherman and the Union Army, the plantations were also targeted. please - 17138629 There are a couple of things that people get wrong about Sherman's March To The Sea. Sherman's Ghosts : Soldiers, Civilians, and the American Way of War, The New Press, 2012. Atlanta, Georgia Sherman captured Atlanta on September 2, 1864 (The Civil War at a Glance) He used it as a supply base until he burned it down in November (American Pageant 468) November 15, 1864 to December 21, 1864 (The Civil War at a Glance) image 2 Strategies the Union forces What was the legacy of the outcome of Sherman's March to the Sea? Southern civilians who owned these farms had to deal with Sherman’s troops taking it upon themselves to ruin the economy as a way of ruining support in the South. It was so effective that he did not actually need to take the other cities in Georgia on his way to Savannah. Troops marched from Atlanta to Savannah burning the town. , The New Press, 2012. Sherman's Ghosts : Soldiers, Civilians, and the American Way of War, The New Press, 2012. The entire purpose of this maneuver was to reposition the Army in a strategic position to trap General Lee(2). (6) Mitchell, Robert B. "Sherman's March to the Sea: A Military Triumph Left a Bitter Legacy (Posted 2014-09-14 18:14:54): "I can make Georgia Howl!" 2020 . Sherman intended his March to the Sea to break the will of the Confederate population. Sherman had accomplished his mission. The Army destroyed railroads, farms, and houses- gobbling up  food and confiscating jewelry looted from civilians. The March William T. Sherman to the Sea, the most destructive campaign against a civilian population during the Civil War (1861-65), began in Atlanta on November 15, 1864, and concluded in Savannah on December 21, 1864. Sherman's Ghosts : Soldiers, Civilians, and the American Way of War, , The New Press, 2012. 3 Answers. “Each corps was to carry provisions for ten days and forage for three days in its supply wagons, while soldiers were expected to ‘forage liberally on the country’ to make up the rest.”(5) This resulted in destruction of tons of private property from Atlanta all the way to Savannah, as the order gave permission for the troops to take what they needed from the Southern civilians. This shows how the industrial cities in Georgia soon came to be ineffective during Sherman’s march as they had no efficient way to export their goods with all of the important railroads destroyed in Georgia. When did organ music become associated with baseball? Such broad generalizations may assuage wounded Southern pride, but they also rewrite history. Web. On November 15, 1864, Union General William T. Sherman begins his expedition across Georgia by torching the industrial section of Atlanta and pulling away from his … After the March, Savannah’s position was used to allow Sherman to capture the Carolinas and if needed invade Virginia. General Sherman’s March to the Sea, also known as the Savannah Campaign, was conducted through Georgia from November 15 to December 21, 1864. His forces followed a "scorched earth" policy, destroying military targets as … University of Missouri Press, 2011. He had a lot more soldiers than General Hood who only had 51,000. One of the most infamous campaigns of the Civil War was William Tecumseh Sherman's march through Georgia to the Sea. Even with only needing food to complete the march, this quote from Nichols, who witnessed soldiers taking these actions, shows that Sherman was indifferent to the plundering that was occuring. The Atlanta campaign was a series of battles fought in the Western Theater of the American Civil War throughout northwest Georgia and the area around Atlanta during the summer of 1864. ProQuest Ebook Central, https://ebookcentral-proquest-com.proxy2.cl.msu.edu/lib/michstate-ebooks/detail.action?docID=1826333, Demon of the Lost Cause: Sherman and Civil War History. With no specific guidance on what to take or how much, except taking “liberally”, the troops could justify taking almost anything. Vote for this answer. Copyright © 2021 Multiply Media, LLC. Sherman never showed much interest in discipline during his March, and almost took pride in humiliating the civilians in his path. ProQuest Ebook Central, https://ebookcentral-proquest-com.proxy2.cl.msu.edu/lib/michstate-ebooks/detail.action?docID=1826333. Engraving depicting brutality of Union troops along the path to Savannah. Question #80527. According to contemporaneous Confederate accounts, Sherman's March to the Sea was a hideous form of “total war.” Yankee savages — particularly Sherman's … William T. Sherman to the Sea, the most destructive campaign against a civilian population during the Civil War (1861-65), began in Atlanta on November 15, 1864, and … I have to do this for a powerpoint presentation project in my U.S. History class. There were approximately 3,100 casualties, 2,100 of which were Union soldiers, and the countryside took years to recover. In summary, Sherman deployed relentless tactics on this march, focusing completely on the needs of the Union Army and hindering resources that could be used for the Confederate war effort. Sherman's Ghosts : Soldiers, Civilians, and the American Way of War, The New Press, 2012. Answer Save. (4) Page 1, Carr, Matthew. (9) Page 70, Carr, Matthew. (3) Page 29, Moody, Wesley. Sherman used this destruction to his full advantage, crippling the entire supply chain. “Sherman’s soldiers also targeted Georgia’s agricultural production, burning barns and storehouses containing food supplies that they didn’t need for themselves, and shooting or bayoneting livestock that they couldn’t take with them” (7). He never punished soldiers who decided to take valuables from Confederates not for use in war, but just because the opportunity presented itself. The march lasted a little more than a month. This march is known as Sherman’s March to the Sea. Also go anywhere in Georgia and Sherman's men looted this person or that person's great/ great grandfather plantation. “The effectiveness of this strategy was demonstrated by the complete collapse of gunpowder production at the Augusta powder factory during the march”(10). How much money do you start with in monopoly revolution? ProQuest Ebook Central, https://ebookcentral-proquest-com.proxy2.cl.msu.edu/lib/michstate-ebooks/detail.action?docID=1826333. , The New Press, 2012. Known as "Sherman's March to the Sea," the campaign through Georgia effectively eliminated the region's economic usefulness to the Confederate cause. the General Declared, Defining the Union's "Hard War" Strategy.". The entire purpose of this maneuver was to reposition the Army in a strategic position to trap General Lee(2). How did shermans march to the sea contribute to the outcome of the civil war? Lincoln Were the results of General Sherman's march to the sea during the Civil War of America considered positive for the South or the North? Learning Outcome: Students will be able to use sourcing, contextualization, and corroboration to present conflicting perspectives about Sherman’s use of total war. Union Maj. Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman invaded Georgia from the vicinity of Chattanooga, Tennessee, beginning in May 1864, opposed by the Confederate general Joseph E. Johnston. What is the balance equation for the complete combustion of the main component of natural gas? The troops didn’t cause total destruction they just hoped to scare the civilians by taking livestock and food. After capturing Atlanta, Sherman decided that he would march his Army to Savannah. Standard histories of Major General William T. Shermans celebrated March to the Sea invariably portray the Confederacys response as inconsequential. Sherman’s March to the Sea devastated Georgia and the Confederacy. The March to the Sea: Sherman’s Total War Strategy to Save the Union Depending on geography, William T Sherman has gone down in the annuals of history as either one of the most hated or most respected generals of the Civil War. Even with only needing food to complete the march, this quote from Nichols, who witnessed soldiers taking these actions, shows that Sherman was indifferent to the plundering that was occuring. ‘It was all fair spoil of war,’ Nichols wrote, ‘and the search made one of the excitements of the march’” (6). What was the weather in Pretoria on 14 February 2013? shermans march to the sea. SETS. Log in Sign up. Sherman's March to the Sea: Justified Brutality. , along with the Savannah being in a strategic position, it also allowed for Sherman to resupply with the US Navy, as Savannah is along the coastline(3). Its citizens remained committed to the Sea was to reposition the Army in a specific Way so that sherman's march to the sea outcome could... 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