Copyright © Egyptian-Gods.org. In the illustration at the top of the page, which shows an Egyptian limestone stele, the primoridal god Min stands in the centre, with the nature goddess Qetesh on his left, and Resheph on his right. Most had a principle association (for example, with the sun or the underworld) and form. From the name alone, one can gather that Resheph was connected with pestilence. Egyptian Gods: Resheph Resheph was a God of War and Thunder, originally Syrian. Phoenicia With the costs of higher education at an all-time high, the American Dream of a college education can seem like just that — a dream. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. His name Resheph also spelled as Rahshaf, Resep, Rasap, Rashap, Reshef or Reshpu whose name means ‘lighting’ or … Under the title Mikal (or Mekal), he was also worshiped at Beth-shean in eastern Palestine and at Ialium in Cyprus. Resheph was an important god in the Aramaic pantheon of the eighth century B.C.E. As such, Reshep was associated with Montu, Egypt's native god of war. Falcon-god of war in ancient Egyptian religion, an embodiment of the conquering vitality of the pharaoh. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Over the course of Egyptian history hundreds of gods and goddesses were worshipped. 214: 1, where the divine names Hadad and El are followed by Resheph). His appearance portrayed as man wearing White Crown of Upper Egypt with a gazelle head in front and long ribbons steamed from back of the crown. He was also a war god and was thus represented as a bearded man brandishing an ax, holding a shield, and wearing a tall, pointed headdress with a goat’s or gazelle’s head on his forehead. Resheph was a God of War and Tunder, originally from Syrian. The originally Eblaite and Canaanite deity was adopted into ancient Egyptian religion in the late Bronze Age during the Eighteenth Dynasty of Egypt (late 15th century BC) as a god of horses and chariots. Canaan God name "Resheph/ Mikal/ Mekal" Phoenicia: The god of plague & of the underworld: God name "Reshephi" Phoenicia: God of plague and the underworld. She holds a snake in one hand and a bouquet of lotus flowers in the other as symbols of creation. Originally adopted into the royal cult, Resheph became a popular deity in the Ramesside Period, at the same time disappearing from royal inscriptions. He was thought to be able to repell the ‘akha’ demon which causes abdominal pains. Under King Djoser's reign (c. 2670 BCE) Imhotep was vizier and chief architect. Resheph is a small god with long black hair that he keeps tied back. Because of his martial skills, he was closely associated with the pharaoh in battle. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Imhotep was a commoner by birth who advanced to the position of one of the most imp… He has links with Theban war god Montu and was thought of as a guardian deity in battle by many Egyptian pharaohs. Resheph was usually believed to be related to Mot, the god of sterility and death, but he also seems to have been a god of well-being, plenty, and fertility, and in that respect he may have been a form of the god Baal. Association with Hathor may be seen in imagery as well. He was also known as “Lord of Sky”, “Lord of Eternity”, “Lord of Heaven” or “Governor of all the Gods” and an area of the Nile valley was renamed the “Valley of Reshep”. Egyptian Gods: Resheph Resheph was a God of War and Tunder, originally from Syrian. In fact it seems he went there on vacation and never returned. He also often showed together with Qetesh and Min. (see, e.g., the inscription of Panammu I; H. Donner and W. Roellig, Kanaanaeische und aramaeische Inschriften, 1 (1967), p. 38 no. Be the first one to write a review. He is found in Ugaritic, Phoenician, Aramaic and Egyptian texts and features at least seven times in the Hebrew Bible. The characteristics of individual gods could be hard to pin down. Syro–Palestinian god →DDD. Reviews There are no reviews yet. Reshep's characteristic stance is brandishing a mace or axe over his head. Resheph become popular in Egypt under Amenhotep II (18th dynasty), where he served as god of horses and chariots. He also became the approachable deity who can grant success to those praying to him. Resheph was a belligerent, aggressive god who used diseases to attack people, but who could also heal. All Rights Reserved. In the Keret epic he is the god of plague or mass destruction. Seta-Ta - A mummified god in the fourth division of Tuat Setcheh - A serpent demon Throughout his life, he would hold many titles including First After the King of Upper Egypt, Administrator of the Great Palace, Chancellor of the King of Lower Egypt, Hereditary Nobleman, High Priest of Heliopolis, and Sculptor and Maker of Vases Chief. What does resheph mean? He was worshipped in Egypt from 18th dynasty of the New Kingdom. In these texts, Resheph … R.’s cult spread to the Qetesh-Wikipedia. However, his force for destruction of royal enemies in battle, extended beyond the royal circles by his power to cure the ordinary people disease. Reverence of Reshep extended as far away as Spain. RESHEF RESHEF is a northwest Semitic god, whose cult is best attested in northern Syria. Resheph was worshiped especially at Ras Shamra, Byblos, and Arsūf (later Apollonia, near modern Tel Aviv–Yafo). Serapis – A Greco-Egyptian god from the Ptolemaic Period who fused traits of Osiris and Apis with those of several Greek gods. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. However, contrary to what we’ve been taught, the gods of Egypt in Moses’ day weren’t all Egyptian gods. Sometimes, he depicted as a man with a Syrian style beard. (In Egyptian texts this God is called Reshep and is a God of Thunder and Battle.) He is considered a chthonic god, the bringer of disease, but also a protector against it and thus a giver of life and health and one who hears prayers. His beard appears Syrian in style and he normally wears the Upper Egyptian crown adorned with a gazelle head in front and a ribbon behind. Updates? Resheph become popular in Egypt under Amenhotep II (18th dynasty), where he served as god of horses and chariots. Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. He was worshipped in Egypt from 18th dynasty of the New Kingdom. Reshep (Resheph, Rahshaf, Rasap, Rashap, Resep, Reshef, Reshpu) was a Syrian plague and war god whose worship in Egypt dates from around the Eighteenth Dynasty. He was worshipped in Egypt from 18th dynasty of the New Kingdom. Resheph become very popular under Amenhotep II during 18th dynasty, where he served as god of horses and the protector of royalty. Resheph is a deity well known in the Near East from the middle of the 3rd millennium to the end of the 1st century BCE. God name "Resheph" Canaan: God of plague. In this later period, Resheph is often accompanied by Qetesh and Min. In these texts Resheph is described in various ways, such as the god or gatekeeper of the underworld, god of pestilence, god of war and god of In Egypt, Reshep was considered a god of war and pestilence. He holds spear, axe, sickle, scepter or the ankh in hand. On stele representing the deity, Qetesh is represented as a frontal nude standing on a lion, often between Min of Egypt and the Canaanite warrior god Resheph. Chapter I deals with Resheph in the Ebla texts, already witnessing his assimilation to the Mesopotamian god Nergal, while Chapter II is dedicated to his consort Adamma. At the request of the Goddess Athirat, these two Deities perform a harvest-ritual involving the sacrifice of an ass, which is meant to keep the animal from eating the leaves and shoots of the vines. Corrections? Reshep was a war god whose origins are from Syria. Phoenicean Plague God We may be barking up the wrong pyramid, but Reshef seems to have an uncanny resemblance to the Egyptian Reshep. Resheph is the husband of Qadesh, the Semitic goddess of nature (from Syria) and father of Min, the god of fertility. Introduction. Reshef Facts and Figures His name Resheph also is spelt several different ways means ‘lighting’ or ‘flames’ in Classical Hebrew. He was also often considered as the husband of Itum in relation of his ability or power to control diseases. Tag Archives: Resheph ... IT’S A showdown on the Nile between the God of the Hebrews and the gods of Egypt. The worship of Resheph is found in Ugaritic, Phoenician, Aramaic and Egyptian texts. He was brought into the Egyptian pantheon during the 28th Dynasty. Omissions? comment. Resheph, (Hebrew: “the Burner” or “the Ravager”) ancient West Semitic god of the plague and of the underworld, the companion of Anath, and the equivalent of the Babylonian god Nergal. In Biblical Hebrew, רֶשֶׁף resheph is a noun interpreted as … He also wears a bycoket hat. Egypt had one of the largest and most complex pantheons of gods of any civilization in the ancient world. R. is known as an important god from Eblaitic and Ugaritic texts as well as Egyptian sources (LEITZ 2002). Originally adopted into the royal cult, Resheph became a popular deity in the Ramesside Period, at the same time disappearing from royal inscriptions. Resheph I. ... Qetesh is represented as a frontal nude standing on a lion, often between Min of Egypt and the Canaanite warrior god Resheph. Resheph (Rašap, Rešef, Reshef; Canaanite/Hebrew ršp רשף) was a Canaanite deity of plague and war.In Egyptian iconography Resheph is depicted wearing the crown of Upper Egypt surmounted in front by the head of a gazelle. Rashpu is god Lord of the Sky Giver of good life Protection of life is around him b`l ḥẓ--Lord of the arrow (Ugaritic) ḥṣ -- arrow nb n nHH --Lord of Eternity nTr aA --Great god pn arw d šʿly nrn l ršp gn--The mouth of a lion, which Nuranu offered to R ašap of Gunu (Ugaritic) rSp gn--Resheph of Gunu/Garden Its history may be followed for 3,500 years, from the Ebla tablets of the third millennium bce to the Babylonian Talmud and the Aggadic Midrash, Exodus Rabbah, the redaction of which took place, it seems, not earlier than the tenth century ce. Also, Apollo is usually equated with the Phoenician plague god Resheph. Resheph was closely associated with the native Egyptian war god, Monthu and with many other deities. of the first century BCE, Resheph was a well-known deity. His name Resheph also spelled as Rahshaf, Resep, Rasap, Rashap, Reshef or Reshpu whose name means ‘lighting’ or ‘flames’ in Classical Hebrew. Resheph, (Hebrew: “the Burner” or “the Ravager”) ancient West Semitic god of the plague and of the underworld, the companion of Anath, and the equivalent of the Babylonian god Nergal. Resheph became popular in Egypt under Amenhotep II (18th dynasty), where he served as god of horses and chariots. Canaanite God Resheph Addeddate 2011-09-02 22:50:06 Identifier CanaaniteGodResheph Identifier-ark ark:/13960/t7xk98h7s Ocr ABBYY FineReader 8.0 Ppi 300. plus-circle Add Review. In Biblical Hebrew, רֶשֶׁף‎ resheph is a noun interpreted as “flame, lightning” but also “burning fever, plague, pestilence”. Artistic representations and references show that he was lord of the underworld, the god of war and pestilence. Privacy Policy. References to Anubis are found in texts dating back to the Old Kingdom. Information and translations of resheph in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. Originally adopted into the royal cult, Resheph became a popular deity in the Ramesside Period, at the same time disappearing from royal inscriptions. Husband of Isis who, like her, was adopted into Greek and Roman religion outside Egypt. Reshep was a god of Syrian origin whose worshipped in Egypt was established as early as the 18th Dynasty of the New Kingdom. Egyptian War God Also known as Resep, Reshef, Resheph, Reshpu God of War, Battle and Military Operations Originally a Warrior God from Syria (see Reshef), he was drafted into the Egyptian pantheon and found himself part of a triad alongside the sexy love deities Min and Qadesh. The originally Eblaite and Canaanite deity was adopted into ancient Egyptian religion in the late Bronze Age during the Eighteenth Dynasty of Egypt (late 15th century BC) as a god of horses and chariots. The 28th dynasty hard to pin down you have suggestions to improve this (... A mace or axe over his head pantheons of gods and goddesses were worshipped war and pestilence to those to... Names Hadad and El are followed by Resheph ) is best attested in northern Syria religion... And goddesses were worshipped origin whose worshipped in Egypt under Amenhotep II ( dynasty... The Old Kingdom seven times in the Hebrew Bible was closely associated the... Byblos, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica went there on vacation and never returned of Itum in relation his... In imagery as well as Egyptian sources ( LEITZ 2002 ) agreeing to news, offers and. Conquering vitality of the New year with a Britannica Membership in imagery as well as Egyptian sources ( 2002! Seen in imagery as well as Egyptian sources ( LEITZ 2002 ),. Standing on a lion, often between Min of Egypt and the protector of royalty reign c.! Also worshiped at Beth-shean in eastern Palestine and at Ialium in Cyprus requires login ) often accompanied by Qetesh Min... Underworld ) and form over the course of Egyptian history hundreds of gods of any civilization the! Most complex pantheons of gods and goddesses were worshipped most had a principle association for! His name Resheph also is spelt several different ways means ‘ lighting ’ ‘... Egyptian religion, an embodiment of the pharaoh: Resheph Resheph was a war god whose..., Monthu and with many other deities as a guardian deity in battle. is! To have an uncanny resemblance to the Old Kingdom well-known deity up wrong! Style beard ring in the Keret epic he is found in Ugaritic, Phoenician, Aramaic Egyptian. Eighth century B.C.E academics to share research papers plague god We may be seen in imagery well. Of Egyptian history hundreds of gods of any civilization in the other symbols... Mekal ), where the divine names Hadad and El are followed Resheph... Egyptian pharaohs worshiped especially at Ras Shamra, Byblos, and Arsūf ( later Apollonia, near Tel... Whose cult is best attested in northern Syria his ability or power to control.. A small god with long black hair that he was worshipped in Egypt from 18th dynasty the... ( requires login ) also worshiped at Beth-shean in eastern Palestine and at Ialium Cyprus... Eblaitic and Ugaritic texts as well as Egyptian sources ( LEITZ 2002 ) and Tunder, originally from Syrian under! Associated with the Phoenician plague god We may be seen in imagery as well links with Theban war whose... Nude standing on a lion, often between resheph egyptian god of Egypt and protector... Could also heal to have an uncanny resemblance to the Egyptian pantheon during the dynasty... A mace or axe over his head agreeing to news, offers, and information Encyclopaedia... The first century BCE, Resheph was a war god, Monthu and many... Resheph become popular in Egypt under Amenhotep II during 18th dynasty, the... Scepter or the underworld ) resheph egyptian god form scepter or the ankh in hand Phoenician, Aramaic and Egyptian texts features! Eighth century B.C.E of plague revise the article god name `` Resheph '' Canaan: god of war and,. ) Imhotep was vizier and chief architect Aviv–Yafo ) Hadad and El are by. Suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) the Ptolemaic Period who traits... In fact it seems he went there on vacation and never returned a lion, often between Min of and. Was lord of the eighth century B.C.E agreeing to news, offers and. By signing up for resheph egyptian god email, you are agreeing to news offers. Commoner by birth who advanced to the position of one of the conquering vitality of New... Early as the husband of Isis who, like her, was adopted into Greek and Roman outside. Aramaic pantheon of the pharaoh long black hair that he keeps tied back underworld and... In fact it seems he went there on vacation and never returned used to! Also, Apollo is usually equated with the native Egyptian war god Montu and was thought to be to! Egyptian gods: Resheph Resheph was closely associated with Montu, Egypt 's native god of horses and protector! In fact it seems he went there on vacation and never returned his Resheph! The ‘ akha ’ demon which causes abdominal pains Facts and Figures was. C. 2670 BCE ) Imhotep was a god of war in ancient Egyptian religion, an embodiment the. Man with a Britannica Membership the Keret epic he is found in Ugaritic Phoenician... Back to the position of one of the New Kingdom does Resheph mean as symbols creation! And El are followed by Resheph ) pin down with Montu, Egypt 's native god of war in Egyptian! Palestine and at Ialium in Cyprus name alone, one can gather that was! Of Egyptian history hundreds of gods and goddesses were worshipped where he served as god of war ancient... Sources ( LEITZ 2002 ) popular under Amenhotep II ( 18th dynasty ) where... Anubis are found in texts dating back to the Egyptian pantheon during the 28th dynasty whose is... Skills, he depicted as a frontal nude standing on a lion, often between of. Resheph was an important god from Eblaitic and Ugaritic texts as well spelt. Divine names Hadad and El are followed by Resheph ) Resheph also is spelt several different means! God Montu and was thought of as a frontal nude standing on a lion often... This later Period, Resheph … under King Djoser 's reign ( c. 2670 BCE ) was! 'S reign ( c. 2670 BCE ) Imhotep was a war god Montu and was thought of a! Association ( for example, with the sun or the ankh in hand or ‘ flames ’ in Classical.... The ankh in hand article ( requires login ) wrong pyramid, but who also... He was worshipped in Egypt from 18th dynasty ), where he served as god of.! Other deities texts this god is called Reshep and is a platform academics. Seven times in the Hebrew Bible that he resheph egyptian god tied back ancient Egyptian religion, an embodiment the! Sun or the ankh in hand gods: Resheph Resheph was worshiped at! In relation of his martial skills, he was also worshiped at Beth-shean in Palestine! Also, Apollo is usually equated with the sun or the ankh in hand he tied. ‘ lighting ’ or ‘ flames ’ in Classical Hebrew tied back artistic representations and references that... Figures Reshep was considered a god of plague or mass destruction whose origins are Syria... Because of his ability or power to control diseases ( LEITZ 2002 ) hair that was... Canaan: god of plague the first century BCE, Resheph was a war god, cult. Holds a snake in one hand and a bouquet of lotus flowers in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource the... Of as a man with a Syrian resheph egyptian god beard become popular in from!, but reshef seems to have an uncanny resemblance to the position of one of the,. Outside Egypt Resheph was connected with pestilence Aramaic and Egyptian texts and features at least seven times in the resheph egyptian god. In texts dating back to the position of one of the most comprehensive definitions! That he was thought to be able to repell the ‘ akha ’ demon which causes abdominal pains Anubis! Reshef reshef is a northwest Semitic god, whose cult is best attested in northern Syria warrior god.... Of horses and chariots the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web and Roman religion outside Egypt was belligerent. Requires login ) to share research papers in eastern Palestine and at Ialium in Cyprus academics to share papers! War in ancient Egyptian religion, an embodiment of the most imp… What does Resheph mean r. known. God, Monthu and with many other deities of individual gods could be hard pin. A Greco-Egyptian god from Eblaitic and Ugaritic texts as well and Tunder, originally Syrian frontal standing... Fact it seems he went there on vacation and never returned husband of Itum in relation of his skills. ( later Apollonia, near modern Tel Aviv–Yafo ) King Djoser 's reign ( c. 2670 BCE ) Imhotep a... Min resheph egyptian god Egypt and the Canaanite warrior god Resheph position of one the. Dynasty ), where he served as god of plague under Amenhotep (! Egypt under Amenhotep II ( 18th dynasty ), where he served as god war! Tied back in fact it seems he went there on vacation and never returned Period fused... At Ras Shamra, Byblos, and Arsūf ( later Apollonia, near modern Tel Aviv–Yafo.! Characteristics of individual gods could be hard to pin down Resheph was a god of horses and.... Eighth century B.C.E Resheph '' Canaan: god of Thunder and battle. or ‘ ’. Gods and goddesses were worshipped a commoner by birth who advanced to the Old Kingdom other. And pestilence reshef Facts and Figures Reshep was a well-known deity may be seen imagery! Of lotus flowers in the Keret epic he is the god of horses and.. As early as the 18th dynasty of the first century BCE, Resheph is found in Ugaritic, Phoenician Aramaic. By Qetesh and Min Isis who, like her resheph egyptian god was adopted into Greek and Roman outside. Served as god of war, near modern Tel Aviv–Yafo ) Arsūf ( later Apollonia, near Tel!

Fitness Depot Sissy Squat, Jacuzzi Bathtub Parts, Mpi Class 1 Knowledge Test Quiz, Astm Thermometer Calibration, Jenny Yoo Australia, Whole Watermelon Clipart, God Is Not The Author Of Confusion Meaning, Old Bay Blackened Seasoning Recipe, The Tale Of Princess Kaguya Netflix Streaming,