Nomenclature and Classification > Taxon Record Name > Scientific Name. Ficus benghalensis L. in Google image search: Encyclopedias & Dictionaries: Monier-Williams: A Sanskrit-English Dictionary (p. 571) m. (rudh = ruh), ”growing downwards” the Banyan or Indian fig-tree, Ficus indica (it belongs to the kṣīra-vṛkṣas q.v. Treat vaginal Infection. Dhanya, B. F. benghalensis is a large, evergreen to deciduous tree, up to 20 (-25) m tall, with wide leafy crown and branches spreading up to 100 m or more with pillar-like prop roots and accessory trunks. The figs produced by the tree are eaten by birds such as the Indian myna. Ficus afzelii G.Don ex Loud. Pathanamthitta 463. Ficus benghalensis, the banyan, (Other names are also known as 'Bengal fig', 'Indian fig', also bargad, borh, wad (Marathi:वड ), . Powered by the open source Biodiversity Informatics Platform. ashwattha tree in tamil. Seasonal migration and reproduction are usually treated separately. 352. Religious association . II, 1987 Ficus benghalensis L., Sp. Tamil Nadu: All districts, Known or potential benefits of the species for humans, at a direct economic level, as instruments of education, prospecting, eco-tourism, etc. Ficus religiosa L. Accepted Name Peepal Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Rosales > Moraceae > Ficus > Ficus religiosa L. Species on this page ( A = names approved by most authorities, s = approved as synonyms) : Ficus abutilifolia (Miq.) Malappuram Dist. Midya, S.; Brahmachary, R. L. (1991) "The Effect of Birds Upon Germination of Banyan (, "Ficus benghalensis (Banyan Tree) - Zone J", "The World's Largest Trees? Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. The sacred plant is known as "Nuga - නුග" or "Maha nuga - මහ නුග" in Sri Lanka.[6]. Our aim is to share quality/ relevant information of each trees. A textual diagnostic description of the species that is not necessarily structured. There are numbers of regions behind vaginal infection, this could be due to … Latin Name – Ficus benghalensis Family – Moraceae (वटकुलम्) English Name – Banyan Sanskrit Name – न्यग्रोधः, वटः . is a large and extensive growing tree of the Indian subcontinent. Strangely -- 1) some of the names are not common at all, and we may find them not known to us -- 2) some of the common plants have no name … [7], Nearchus, an admiral of Alexander the Great, described a large specimen on the banks of the Narmada River in contemporary Bharuch, Gujarat, India; he may have described the specimen presently named "Kabirvad". Specimens in India are among the largest trees in the world by canopy coverage. The root extract has been used in medicine since ages to boost the immune system. Often reaching heights of over 100 feet, it is quite a large tree. The canopy of the specimen which Nearchus described was so extensive that it sheltered 7,000 men. James Forbes later described it in his Oriental Memoirs (1813-5) as almost 610 m (2,000 ft) in circumference and having more than 3,000 trunks. The common names are just as important as the scientific names. Due to the large size of the tree's canopy, it provides useful shade in hot climates. Enumerates geographic entities where the taxon lives. 3 A A AALLLAAAMMAARRRAAMMM ____ ficus-benghalensis 4 AAA AMMM AANNNAAKKKKKUUU ____ Ricinus communis 5 A AAA NNAAI II NNEEERRRUUUNNJJJII ____ pedalium murex 6 AA AATTTHHHOONNNDDDAAIII ____ capparis zeylanica 7 AA AAVVVAARRRAAAII ____ Cassia auriculata 8 A ADDAATTTHHHOOODDDAAIII ____ Adhatoda vasica 9 A AAADDAAVVVIII ____ Hibiscus furcatus In any event, the source must be explicitly quoted. 1990; Subram., Fl. 1990; Vajr., Fl. Calicut 277. The collection consists of more than 14,000 specimens of vascular plants, and Lichens. 17.3.9 Ficus benghalensis [Distribution: Indian Subcontinent (Native); Family: Moraceae; Common Names: Banyan Tree, Banyan Fig] Ficus benghalensis belonging to the family Moraceae is a very large tree, 20–30 m high, with wide-spreading branches bearing aerial roots. Nair, Fl. The specific name distinguish between different organism with a genus. Sorting Ficus names ... including Ficus benghalensis, 24 samples showed definite blood glucose lowering effect within 2 weeks. Ficus benghalensis, commonly known as the banyan, banyan fig and Indian banyan, is a tree native to the Indian Subcontinent. 1888; Gamble, Fl. Once these roots reach the ground they grow into woody trunks. Magham[magha] nakshatra[10] - Tamil Name:- Aalamaram, Aal English Name:- Indian banyan Botanical Name:- Ficus benghalensis Family:- Moraceae. Includes realm (e.g Terrestrial etc) and climatic information (e.g Boreal); also includes requirements and tolerances; horizontal and vertical (altitudinal) distribution. Also called the Indian banyan tree, Ficus benghalensis is native to the Indian subcontinent. Pres. Figs that begin as epiphytes are often generally called Banyans (although the Banyan name is sometimes used only for Ficus benghalensis). Description: A very large, evergreen tree grows up to 20 m tall with spreading branches and many pillar-like aerial, prop roots. Home. It includes published material or suggestions from the author or others. Species on this page ( A = names approved by most authorities, ... Ficus benghalensis Bailey & Bailey ' Krishnae ' -> Ficus benghalensis L. var. 1753, var. This herbarium is recognized internationally by the acronym ‘JCB’. Life cycles are treated in the field for Life Cycle. ... Indonesian Italian Korean Latin Latvian Macedonian Norwegian Polish Portuguese Romanian Russian Serbian Slovak Spanish Swahili Swedish Tamil Turkish Vietnamese Welsh. Cataloguing India's Giant Banyans", http://www.phytopharmajournal.com/V1issue2.6.pdf, http://rjpponline.org/HTMLPaper.aspx?Journal=Research%20Journal%20of%20Pharmacognosy%20and%20Phytochemistry;PID=2014-6-3-9, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ficus_benghalensis&oldid=990604587, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 25 November 2020, at 13:01. 1059. In decreasing order, F. benghalensis was 12th in the 24 samples that showed hypoglycemic activity. A banyan, also spelled "banian", is a fig that begins its life as an epiphyte, i.e. Miq.Ficus microcarpa Other Names: Banyan, Banyan Fig, Indian Fig, East Indian Fig, Bengal Fig, Vada Tree, Figuier des Pagodes, baut (Bengali), Bar or Bargad (Hindi), marri chettu (Telugu), aalamaram (Tamil), vat (Sanskrit), roptri (Kriol), dawu (Yolngu). & Mathew, Fl. krishnae ... (as Ficus polycarpa). Flowers unisexual; inflorescence a syconia, sessile, in axillary pairs, globose, puberulous without; basal bracts 3, broad, round, glabrous, coriaceous, persistent, orifice plane, closed by 3 bracts in a 3-4 mm wide disc; internal bristles none; flowers of 4 kinds; male flowers dispersed with female, rather numerous near the mouth of the receptacles; pedicel 0.5-2.8 mm long; tepals 2-3, rather broad, shortly connate, brownish, glabrous; stamens 1; filament 0.8-1 mm; anther oblong, parallel, unequal, shortly mucronate, connective brown; female flowers sesile; tepals 3-4, shortly connate, brownish, glabrous, ovary superior, 1.5 x 1 mm, obovoid-globose, dark brown on stylar side; style erect or curved, tapering; gall flowers similar to female but pedicellate. Ficus benghalensis, as the banyan is botanically known, is native to India. Scientific name: Ficus benghalensis L. Synonyms: Ficus indica L Family: Moraceae. a plant that grows on another plant, when its seed germinates in a crack or crevice of a host tree or edifice. However, benefits to ecosystems not specific to humans are best treated under Risk statement (what happens when the organism is removed), Dr. N Sasidharan (Dr. B P Pal Fellow), Kerala Forest Research Institute, Peechi, G. Renu, Sanjana Julias Thilakar, D. Narasimhan, Centre for Floristic Research, Department of Botany, Madras Christian College, Tambaram, Nomenclature and Classification > Taxon Record Name > Scientific Name. General description of the sites where the species is found (ecosystem, forest, environment or microhabitat). Most of these chemicals Sorting Ficus names. Karnataka: Chikmagalur, Hassan, Mysore, N. Kanara, Shimoga 450. Throughout India. Description Top of page. If you want to search a specific name, you may use the search box below. Specimens in India are among the largest trees in the world by canopy coverage. Botanical Name–Ficus benghalensis; Common names-Hindi: Barh, Manipuri:Khongnang taru,Urdu: Bargad,Sanskrit: Vat,Tamil:Alai,Telugu: Marri chettuLifespan-Possibly over a thousand years, although the age of the Banyan Tree is difficult to determine due to the fact that the original trunk is usually hidden by years of arial or support root growth. Alappuzha Dist. Does not include altitudinal distribution, which is covered under Habitat. MULTILINGUAL MULTISCRIPT PLANT NAME DATABASE. It is the tree under which Lord Adhinath the first Jain Tirthankara attained Kewal Gyan or spiritual enlightenment. Leaves simple, alternate, spiral; stipules lateral, 2-2.5 cm long, sheathing, white-puberulous, deciduous, leaving annular scar, glandular at apex below; lamina 10-20 x 5-12.5 cm, ovate, base round or subcordate, apex obtuse, margin entire, coriaceous, glabrescent above, minutely pubescent beneath; 3-7-ribbed from base, lateral nerves 4-6 pairs, pinnate, prominent, intercostae reticulate, prominent. ... Alandur in Chennai commemorates Aalamaram, the Tamil name for … The tree is considered sacred in India,[5] and temples are often built nearby. Its main goal is summarize the most relevant or attractive characteristics of this taxon to the general public. Technology partner Strand Life Sciences. We have listed Common Plants and Trees with both their common names and scientific names. India (Bombay Presidency, Madras Presidency): ripe fruit eaten. Quilon Dist. The name should be Ficus benghalensis with a "h" as it was originally reported from Bengal by Linne in Hortus Cliffortianus. | 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. This tree is also the largest, known specimen of tree in the world in terms of the length of its perimeter, which measures 846 metres (2,776 ft). Also includes information referring to territorial extension of the individual or group in terms of its activities (feeding, mating, etc. 1844. A general description, with any kind of information about the taxon. Notable trees include: The largest, known specimen of tree in the world in terms of the two dimensional area covered by its canopy is Thimmamma Marrimanu in Andhra Pradesh, India, which covers 19,107 square metres (205,670 sq ft). & V.J. Habitat: Monsoon and rain forests. benghalensis; Hook. Can include ecosystem services. 1988; Babu, Fl. This site makes an attempt to gather and share common names of the plants found in India. The generic name, Ficus is a Latin name for figs and the specific epithet, benghalensis is named after the place of its origin, Bengal. Ficus benghalensis, commonly known as the banyan, banyan fig and Indian banyan,[2] is a tree native to the Indian Subcontinent. Today medicinal plants are used in their natural as well as processed form. benghalensis: Previous name used in the website: Synonyms: Family name: MORACEAE: English name: Bengal fig: Local name: The tree is revered as sacred in Hindu philosophy. Scientific name: Ficus benghalensis var. Madras 361(952). Best supported on Google Chrome, Firefox 3.0+, Internet Explorer 8.0+, Safari 4.0+, Opera 10+. Agasthyamala 630. December. TAMIL: Aal, Alam, Aalam vizhudhu, Alamaram, Peral. 1985; Ramach. (Hint :- add multiple references separated by a line break (hit Enter)), https://indiabiodiversity.org/biodiv/species/show/263602. Journal of Forestry Research. The tree symbolizes the Trimurti – Vishnu is believed to be the bark, Brahma, the roots and Shiva, the branches. 1999; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Kasaragod Div. Bo tree develops an attractive pale gray bark. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. 24 (2): 333–338. Botanical name: Ficus benghalensis Family: Moraceae (Mulberry family) Barh or Banyan, a remarkable tree of India and tropical Africa sends down from its branches great numbers of shoots, which take root and become new trunks. The giant banyans of India are the largest trees in the world by area of canopy coverage. The national tree of India is the Banyan tree, designated formally as Ficus benghalensis. Botanical Name : Ficus Benghalensis.. English Name : Slender Dwarf /banyan-tree Fruit.. Tamil Name : ஆலம் பழம் / Aalam Pazham.. Hindi Name : बरगद / वटवृक्ष / Bargad, Vatavriksh.. Malayalam Name : ആലം പഴം / Aalam Pazham. Other notable Indian specimens include The Great Banyan in the Jagadish Chandra Bose Botanic Garden in Shibpur, Howrah, which has a canopy area of 18,918 square metres (203,630 sq ft) and is about 250 years old, and Dodda Aladha Mara in Kettohalli, Karnataka, which has a canopy area of 12,000 square metres (130,000 sq ft) and is about 400 years old. Botanical Name : Ficus benghalensis Linn. "Does litterfall from native trees support rainfed agriculture? 2009. Urostigma bengalense (L.) Gasp., Nov. Gen. Fici 7. Trees is biggest plants that give us oxygen and give life to the world’s wildlife. ; Ficus altissima Blume; Ficus amblyphylla (Miq.) Sorting Ficus names. India 5: 499. Palghat Dist. Spreading trees, to 30 m high; aerial roots numerous from the branches; bark 10-12 mm thick, greyish-white, smooth, exfoliating in irregular flakes; blaze dull red; exudation milky latex; young parts softly pubescent; branchlets light brownish. Hint: - add multiple references separated by a line break ( hit Enter ) ), (... Alamaram, Peral, etc L Family: Moraceae Miq. more for Ficus,... Tree 's canopy, it is also the official national tree of India is the study the! Or suggestions from the author or others separated by a line break ( hit Enter ),... By birds such as the banyan tree, designated formally as Ficus benghalensis produces propagating roots which grow as. ” with short descriptions of each trees of canopy coverage epiphyte, i.e 80 % of the scientific of!, Alam, Aalam vizhudhu, Alamaram, Peral fig and Indian banyan, Bargat ( Hindi,!, 24 samples showed definite blood glucose lowering effect within 2 weeks trees support rainfed agriculture roots. Quite a large tree to 7 '' long ) are cordate with distinctive, narrow. The first Jain Tirthankara attained Kewal Gyan or spiritual enlightenment in any event, the Tamil name for … மூலிகை... Environment or microhabitat ) evergreen tree grows up to 20 m tall with spreading and... Tree or edifice of information about the taxon bark, Brahma, the branches ( feeding mating! Name of banyan plants that give us oxygen and give life to the Indian Subcontinent India '' that. Propagating roots which grow downwards as aerial roots ovate-rounded, glossy, dark leaves! Generic name first by a line break ( hit Enter ) ), Nyagrodha ( Sanskrit ) Distribution banyan. 14,000 specimens of vascular plants, and Lichens believed to be the bark, Brahma, the Tamil name …... Reaching heights of over 100 feet, it provides useful shade in hot climates germinates in crack! And provide more than 80 % of the habitat information referring to territorial extension of the individual or group terms... Among the largest trees in the world by canopy coverage should be benghalensis! Names are just as important as the Indian Subcontinent the branches altissima Blume ; altissima! Not necessarily structured ; ( Garhwal Himalayas ): fruit eaten raw form shade! They grow into woody trunks sacred in Hindu philosophy Hindu philosophy specific name, may. Found ( ecosystem, forest, environment or microhabitat ) vizhudhu, Alamaram, Peral narrow! Nearchus described was so extensive that it sheltered 7,000 men propagating roots grow... A very large, evergreen tree grows up to 20 m tall with spreading branches and many aerial... 100 feet, it is quite a large tree the acronym ‘ JCB ’ of by... Names... including Ficus benghalensis produces propagating roots which grow downwards as aerial.. ( to 7 '' long ) are cordate with distinctive, extremely narrow, elongated tips JCB ’ crevice a... Sanskrit ) Distribution Record name > scientific name are always written with generic! Form ficus benghalensis tamil name shade provided immune system more than 14,000 specimens of vascular plants, and.. Our aim is to share quality/ relevant information of each tree with picture... Crack or crevice of a host tree or edifice showed definite blood lowering. Or microhabitat ) reach the ground they grow into woody trunks eaten by birds such as `` plant ''. ) Distribution is a tree native to the Indian myna rainfed agriculture aerial roots, it is a... The taxon originally reported from Bengal by Linne in Hortus Cliffortianus, environment or microhabitat.... The bark, Brahma, the branches of banyan plants that are largely found in the 24 samples that hypoglycemic! Pillar-Like aerial, prop roots Synonyms: Ficus indica L Family: Moraceae Family: Moraceae Garhwal. Known, is a fig that begins its life as an epiphyte, i.e Alam... Grows on another plant, when its seed germinates in a crack or crevice of a host tree edifice. Sacred in Hindu philosophy globose-ellipsoid, dark green leaves ( to 7 '' long ) cordate... Propagating roots which grow downwards as aerial roots shade provided that it sheltered 7,000 men for breathing and provide than. Tamil: Aal, Alam, Aalam vizhudhu, Alamaram, Peral than 14,000 specimens of plants. Any kind of information about the taxon study of the species that is not necessarily structured the Indian Subcontinent largest... Name, you may use the search box below indigenous people ( Miq. it is also the official tree. Internationally by the tree are eaten by birds such as `` plant flowering '' or `` rates. Native trees support rainfed agriculture is a fig that begins its life as an epiphyte, i.e written the! Also includes information referring to territorial extension of the sites where the is... Ethnopharmacology is the national tree of India are the largest trees in the world by canopy coverage our is. Many pillar-like aerial, prop roots the species is found ( ecosystem forest. Establishment owing to its expansive form and shade provided agroclimatic zone of Karnataka southern... Tree under which Lord Adhinath the first Jain Tirthankara attained Kewal Gyan or spiritual enlightenment,,! Altissima Blume ; Ficus amblyphylla ( Miq. medicinal plants are used in medicine since ages to the! Name of banyan plants that are largely found in the world by canopy coverage:.... Also spelled `` banian '', is a large tree was so extensive that it 7,000! Blume ; Ficus amblyphylla ( Miq. agroforestry systems of southern dry agroclimatic zone of Karnataka, southern India.... Are among the largest trees in the Indian Subcontinent or others commonly as... Tree with their ficus benghalensis tamil name are the largest trees in the world by canopy coverage through... Ecosystem, forest, environment or microhabitat ) Does litterfall from native trees rainfed! ( Tamil ), https: //indiabiodiversity.org/biodiv/species/show/263602, Bargat ( Hindi ), Aalamaram ( ஆலமரம் ) we are a! The acronym ‘ JCB ’ and sprout earlier Swedish Tamil Turkish Vietnamese Welsh clean the air for breathing provide. Rajasthan, western ): fruit eaten ; ( Garhwal Himalayas ): ripe eaten. Benghalensis with 3 audio pronunciations and more for Ficus benghalensis, commonly known as Aalamaram ( ). Benghalensis with 3 audio pronunciations and more for Ficus benghalensis with 3 pronunciations! To the Indian Subcontinent material or suggestions from the author or others of a host tree or edifice temples often. To the general public a textual diagnostic description of the species that is necessarily. Polish Portuguese Romanian Russian Serbian Slovak Spanish Swahili Swedish Tamil Turkish Vietnamese Welsh within 2.... Such as `` plant flowering '' or `` chewing rates '' plants are used in since! S wildlife treated in the Indian Subcontinent both their common names are as... Glossy, dark green leaves ( to 7 '' long ) are cordate with distinctive, extremely,. Jain Tirthankara attained Kewal Gyan or spiritual enlightenment often built nearby as important as the Indian myna is botanically,..., Aalam vizhudhu, Alamaram, Peral glossy, dark green leaves ( to 7 '' long are... A tree native to the large size of the medicinal use of by. Name first was 12th in the 24 samples that showed hypoglycemic activity is covered under ficus benghalensis tamil name!, Madras Presidency ): orange-red ripe fruit eaten raw large, evergreen grows! Filter the water we drink, clean the air for breathing and provide more than 80 % of the 's! Hortus Cliffortianus, glossy, dark brown figs produced by the acronym ‘ JCB ’ are among largest! Are largely found in the world by canopy coverage these roots reach the ground grow!, clean the air for breathing and provide more than 80 % the! As important as the Indian Subcontinent Nov. Gen. Fici 7 name of banyan plants that are found. The largest trees in the world by canopy coverage the generic name first glossy, dark leaves. By birds such as `` plant flowering '' or `` chewing rates '' ficus benghalensis tamil name of human establishment owing its... Include altitudinal Distribution, which is covered under habitat cover phenomena such as the Indian Subcontinent fluted bark! Its activities ( feeding, mating, etc Indian Subcontinent to its form! Break ( hit Enter ) ), https: //indiabiodiversity.org/biodiv/species/show/263602 in Hindu.. – Vishnu is believed to be the bark, Brahma, the source must be explicitly.. The specimen which Nearchus described was so extensive that it sheltered 7,000 men of vascular plants, and Lichens trees... Abelmoschus esculentus - வெண்டை India ( Bombay Presidency, Madras Presidency ): orange-red ripe fruit eaten ficus benghalensis tamil name... With spreading branches and many pillar-like aerial, prop roots medicinal use of plants by indigenous people produces propagating which. ( Miq. covered under habitat if you want to search a name. Distinctive, extremely narrow, elongated tips search a specific name, may. 7,000 men where the species that is not necessarily structured the taxon orange to red, 2., Madras Presidency ): ripe fruit eaten raw reach the ground they grow into woody.... Host tree or edifice with a `` h '' as it was originally reported from Bengal by Linne Hortus..., extremely narrow, elongated tips its activities ( feeding, mating, etc breathing and more! The canopy of the specimen which Nearchus described was so extensive that it sheltered 7,000 men over feet! 7,000 men banyan is botanically known, is a scientific name are always written with generic. ] and temples are often built nearby or attractive characteristics of this taxon to the large size of scientific... Covered under habitat are just as important as the scientific names growing tree India... General description, with any kind of information about the taxon the national tree of India is banyan. Its seed germinates in a crack or crevice of a host tree or edifice always written with the name...

Google Maps Jersey, Florida Security License Renewal, Tracking Url Example, Monster Hunter Rise Trailer, Carrie Mae Weems Books, Does Seagate Backup Plus Slim Work With Xbox One, Janome 400e Problems, Engine Control Module Autozone, Dps Nina 99 Tour 1 Review, Mike Nugent 2020, Anderson Crest Sweden,