The island has been an art colony since the 1920s, whose artists have come to capture the natural beauty of the island's landscapes and seascapes, including its flora and the fauna. Nantucket Island Chamber of Commerce Zero Main St 2nd Floor, Nantucket, MA 02554 508. Until 1917, Nantucket was served by the narrow-gauge Nantucket Railroad. There were 11,618 housing units at an average density of 258.4 per square mile (99.8/km2). [16], Before 1795 the town on the island was called Sherburne. Fabrikant, Geraldine, "Old Nantucket Warily Meets the New", U.S. National Register of Historic Places in Massachusetts, History of the National Register of Historic Places, National Register of Historic Places portal, Southeastern Regional Vocational Technical, Greater New Bedford Regional Vocational-Technical, Paulo Freire Social Justice Charter School, Springfield High School of Science and Technology, Advanced Math and Science Academy Charter, Edward M. Kennedy Academy for Health Careers, John D. O'Bryant School of Mathematics & Science, Montachusett Regional Vocational Technical, Blackstone Valley Regional Vocational Technical, Massachusetts Academy of Math and Science at WPI, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Nantucket&oldid=998821608, Islands of Nantucket County, Massachusetts, National Historic Landmarks in Massachusetts, National Register of Historic Places in Nantucket County, Massachusetts, Populated coastal places in Nantucket County, Massachusetts, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with possible area code list, Pages using infobox settlement with unknown parameters, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2013, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2015, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Source 2: Western Regional Climate Center (precipitation days and snow 1948−present), Nantucket Community School (Public, Extracurricular), The island's name is used as a rhyming device in a noted, Nantucket is the setting for the Merry Folger series of mystery novels by, On July 25, 1956, the Italian ocean liner, Note: Municipalities not listed have a town meeting form of government (see, This page was last edited on 7 January 2021, at 05:28. Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses which may cause illness in animals or humans. [64], Nantucket can be reached by sea from the mainland by The Steamship Authority, Hy-Line Cruises, or Freedom Cruise Line, or by private boat. Nantucket is in Nantucket County. 2.1%. The closest major cities to Nantucket in Massachusetts, United States of America based on population are listed below in order of increasing distance. Nantucket Island, located just 30 miles off the coast of Cape Cod, feels like its own little world. The "nine original purchasers" were Tristram Coffin, Peter Coffin, Thomas Macy, Christopher Hussey, Richard Swain, Thomas Barnard, Stephen Greenleaf, John Swain and William Pike. Nantucket receives on average 41 inches (1,000 mm) of precipitation annually, spread relatively evenly throughout the year. [6], The National Park Service cites Nantucket, designated a National Historic Landmark District in 1966, as being the "finest surviving architectural and environmental example of a late 18th- and early 19th-century New England seaport town. The secession vote was sparked by a proposed change to the Massachusetts Constitution that reduced the islands' representation in the Massachusetts General Court.[26]. There are about 12.1 students per teacher in Nantucket. [42] The population density was 226.2 inhabitants per square mile (87.3/km2). The island suffered great economic hardships, worsened by the "Great Fire" of July 13, 1846, that, fueled by whale oil and lumber, devastated the main town, burning some 40 acres (16 hectares). Profiles for 27 cities, towns and other populated places in Nantucket County Massachusetts. But many locals aren’t exactly thrilled to share their town for three months out of the year, let alone during a global pandemic. Part of the town is designated the Nantucket CDP, or census designated place. After that industry collapsed, the population dropped from 20,000 year-round to about 5,000. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 304 square miles (790 km2), of which 45 square miles (120 km2) is land and 259 square miles (670 km2) (85%) is water. By 1667, twenty-seven shares had been divided among 31 owners. The low ridge across the northern section of the island was deposited as glacial moraine during a period of glacial standstill, a period during which till continued to arrive and was deposited as the glacier melted at a stationary front. Place of birth by citizenship. [19] This event started the Nantucket whaling industry. As of 2013[update], it was represented in the United States House of Representatives by Bill Keating, a Democrat of Bourne. var year = today.getFullYear() In addition, the development of railroads made mainland whaling ports, such as New Bedford, more attractive because of the ease of transshipment of whale oil onto trains, an advantage unavailable to an island. [20][21] Nantucket's dependence on trade with England, derived from its whaling and supporting industries, influenced its leading citizens to remain neutral during the American Revolutionary War, favoring neither the British nor those supporting revolution.[22]. Average high temperatures during the town's coldest month (January) are around 38 °F (3 °C), while average high temperatures during the town's warmest months (July and August) hover around 75 °F (24 °C). Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000", "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data", "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County", "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates", "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates", "Registration and Party Enrollment Statistics as of February 1, 2019", "Massachusetts Directory of Political Parties and Designations", "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections", "Town of Nantucket, Massachusetts Comprehensive Annual Financial Report For the Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 2018", "Nantucket Community Television – Broadcasting Nantucket. Discover the most beautiful boutiques, designer stores and shopping venues in Nantucket hand-selected by Travel + Leisure editors. The airport is one of the busiest in Massachusetts and often logs more take-offs and landings on a summer day than Boston's Logan Airport. Nantucket Island's original Native American inhabitants, the Wampanoag people, lived undisturbed until 1641 when the island was deeded by the English (the authorities in control of all land from the coast of Maine to New York) to Thomas Mayhew and his son, merchants from Watertown, Massachusetts, and Martha's Vineyard. - If you wish to link to this page, you can do so by referring to the URL address below this line. [24] The American Civil War dealt the death blow to the island's whaling industry, as virtually all of the remaining whaling vessels were destroyed by Confederate commerce raiders.[25]. About 3.6% of families and 7.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.9% of those under age 18 and 8.2% of those age 65 or over. Males had a median income of $82,959 versus $46,577 for females. The most recent survey of the geology of Cape Cod and the islands, accessible to the layman, is Robert N. Oldale, List of Massachusetts locations by per capita income, Massachusetts's 9th congressional district, The Woods Hole, Martha's Vineyard and Nantucket Steamship Authority, In the Heart of the Sea: The Tragedy of the Whaleship Essex, The Narrative of Arthur Gordon Pym of Nantucket, Nantucket during the American Revolutionary War era, List of National Historic Landmarks in Massachusetts, National Register of Historic Places listings in Nantucket County, Massachusetts, "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Nantucket County, Massachusetts", "Nantucket | island, Massachusetts, United States", "Real Estate Sales Smash Records on Nantucket as Wealthy Americans Buy Beach Houses", "60,000 Summer visitors replace whalers on salty Martha's Vineyard & Nantucket", "World Map of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification updated", National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990", "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. 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