Delta also unveiled a new logo, reminiscent of its logo from the 1970s and 1980s, and a new paint scheme. The tail featured an angled version of the Widget logo with small "Delta" titles. Your audience is our audience. [76], On 21 August 2007, Delta named Richard Anderson, former CEO of Northwest Airlines and executive at UnitedHealth Group, as a replacement for outgoing CEO Gerald Grinstein. Dec 23, 2020 1:12pm. The history of Delta Air Lines can be traced back to 1924 and the start of an aerial crop dusting outfit, but it was in 1929 that scheduled passenger services began. Delta added jet airliners to its fleet in the 1960s; the Douglas DC-8 entered service in September 1959. Article. They flew a Huff-Daland Duster, the first true crop duster, designed to combat the boll weevil infestation of cotton crops. The airline is now the world's largest operator of 767 aircraft. [96] The merger was also expected to be the subject of several hearings on Capitol Hill. 1966 Delta founder C.E. Working with Coad, an aircraft man… The airline also launched a media campaign against the merger to raise public support. In 1930, service to Atlanta is initiated, and the company is renamed “Delta Air Corporation.” Reservations systems were merged on 31 January 2010, officially retiring the Northwest brand. [24], This service was terminated in October 1930 after the "Spoils Conference", when the Post Office awarded the route to an American Airlines predecessor. [13][14][15] It emerged from bankruptcy in 2007 after fending off a hostile takeover from US Airways. Key dates in Delta Air Lines' history: — June 17, 1929: Delta starts its first passenger flights over a route from Dallas to Jackson, Miss., via Shreveport and Monroe, La. Regularly scheduled cargo service began in 1946.[30]. [77], On 14 November 2007, Pardus Capital Management LP, a hedge fund that owns 7 million shares of Delta and 5.6 million shares of United, called for the two carriers to merge. By 1970, it had an all-jet fleet. Delta Air Lines' history begins with the world's first aerial crop dusting operation called Huff Daland Dusters, Inc.The company was founded on March 2, 1925, in Macon, Georgia before moving to Monroe, Louisiana in summer 1925. Delta sought protection from its creditors under Chapter 11 of the U.S. Bankruptcy Code on 14 September 2005, via a filing with the U.S. Bankruptcy Court for the Southern District of New York, in Manhattan; the company's liabilities included some $28.27 billion of total debt. [75], On 12 July 2007, Delta and its SkyTeam partners forfeited slots in the European Union to relieve antitrust concerns. Throughout the 1990s, Delta maintained a secondary hub at Portland for its Asia operations. [9] Passenger service ceased in October 1930 when the air mail contract for the route Delta had pioneered was awarded to another airline. — March 1, 1941: Delta moves headquarters from Monroe, La., to Atlanta. Delta Air Service suspended passenger service, and sold its assets to its competitor. [61], On 15 November 2006, Bloomberg reported that US Airways Group, the parent of US Airways, proposed a takeover of Delta for $8 billion in cash and stock. On 25 April 2007, the airline's bankruptcy plan was approved by the bankruptcy court. The effort's website harbored an e-petition, quotes from prominent dissidents, and the effects the merger could have on selected localities. [115], On June 2, 2020, all MD-88 and MD-90 aircraft were retired.[116]. Woolman and other local investors purchased back the crop-dusting assets of Delta Air Service and incorporated as Delta Air Corporation on 31 December 1930. Extra onboard amenities included a typewriter and electric shaver for busy … ‘True workhorse of Delta Air Lines for 32 years’: Reflecting on history of the ‘Mad Dogs’ Article. Because of these acquisitions, Delta became and remains the largest U.S. transatlantic carrier, in terms of passengers carried and number of flights operated. [9] By June 1930, Delta's route had expanded eastward to Atlanta, the fastest-growing city in the South, and westward to Fort Worth, Texas. The move, according to the report, would reduce JAL's international flight operations in favor of codeshare agreements with Delta. [39], The Pan Am creditors' committee sued Delta for more than $2.5 billion on 9 December. — April 17, 1957: Delta stock begins trading on the New York Stock Exchange. Delta DALRQ is the No. Delta's origins can be traced to an agricultural and aviation effort that came together in the early 1920s to find a solution to the boll weevil infestation that was destroying cotton crops. [32] Convair 880s were added in 1960 (they set a coast-to-coast record)[33] and in 1965 the DC-9. Delta's history with the Queen of the Skies is unique in that it had acquired and retired its first fleet of 747s by 1977 only to acquire a new fleet of 747s from its merger with Northwest Airlines in 2008. Aeroméxico, Air France, Delta Air Lines and Korean Air founded SkyTeam in June 2000. After changing Huff Daland Dusters to Delta Air Service in 1928, C.E. The agreement, subject to a vote by the pilots, provides Delta pilots a 3.5 percent equity stake in the created new airline. [101], In August 2016 thousands of airline flights were delayed or cancelled due to a technology issue. Delta Air Lines' history begins with the world's first aerial crop dusting operation called Huff Daland Dusters, Inc. Delta's origins can be traced to an agricultural and aviation effort that came together in the early 1920s to find a solution to the boll weevil infestation that was destroying cotton crops. They were originally cropdusters. [99] On 29 October 2008, the United States Department of Justice approved the merger between Delta Air Lines and Northwest.[100]. The campaign, "Keep Delta My Delta", was picked up from the employee grassroots effort of the same name. Delta History. [63], On 19 December 2006, Delta rejected US Airways Group's proposed merger. On 30 April 2007, Delta Air Lines emerged from bankruptcy protection as an independent carrier. Delta's 95 years of history. C.E.Woolman left his position with Louisiana State University's Agricultural Extension Dept and in the off-season traveled with the company to Peru, where they helped to establish crop-dusting and passenger services. 1946 Delta officially enters cargo business. A year later, the first passenger flight took off from Dallas. In 1943, Delta added service to New Orleans, and in 1945 Chicago and Miami. This arduous journey by land took them 51 days and left the pair convinced of the possibilities of an air service linking locations in these remote regions. [8][12], The company filed for bankruptcy in 2005, citing rising fuel costs. Woolman, general manager and later Delta's first CEO, led a group of investors to acquire the company's assets. Customer Experience. They expected to take on close to 200 first officers through 2007. Delta cuts 13,000 of 82,000 employees through early retirement, voluntary severance, involuntary furloughs and layoffs — including 700 Utah jobs. Delta's lack of success in winning a commercial airmail contract—the bread and butter of any aspiring airline—jeopardized its existence. History Of Delta Airlines : Delta Air Lines’ long history of service actually began in agriculture, when the company was founded in 1924 as the world’s first aerial crop dusting organization -- Huff Daland Dusters. Anderson assumed the post on 1 September. Delta Airlines is one of the biggest airlines in the world. A History of Excellence. Designed by Robert Bragg of advertising agency Burke Dowling Adams, the logo and livery were retained largely unchanged for the next 35 years. [108][109][110][111][112][113][114], Following a reduction in demand for air travel due to the global COVID-19 pandemic, on March 13 Delta Air Lines announced it would reduce its flight capacity by 40 percent. Book a trip. Discover the unique stories and culture of a company that grew from a crop-dusting operation to a global airline serving more than 300 destinations on six continents.. For information about Delta's current operations and news, visit the Delta News Hub.. The company also stated on 14 April 2008 that it agreed with its pilot union to extend the existing collective bargaining agreement through the end of 2012. In 2015 the airline entered a partnership with China Eastern Airlines in which Delta will buy a 3.55% share in China Eastern for $450m. But investors showed little confidence in the stock as the price fell to $19.00 later in the week.[73]. Things began to … With this experience, Woolman returned to the United States and in 1928, he led a group of local investors to acquire Huff Daland Dusters assets. This timeline chronicles the evolution of the Delta uniform, from off-the-rack suits at Rich's department store to on-the-runway ensembles by world-renowned fashion designer Zac Posen. The Douglas DC-9 initially featured a sideways-oriented tail logo, but was later repainted to match other fleet types. [22] It was founded on 2 March 1925, in Macon, Georgia, and became the world's first aerial crop dusting company. Entomologist B. R. Coad led a team of researchers at the U.S. Department of Agriculture's field laboratory in Tallulah, Louisiana, and with loaned Army pilots and aircraft developed improvements that determined "dusting" of insecticidepowder from the air would be the most effective form of treatment. [3] The company moved to Monroe, Louisiana, in summer 1925. Doing business as Delta Air Lines. On 1 September, Delta acquired Pan Am's East Coast and European routes including intra-European routes from the Frankfurt hub, (IGS routes to and from Berlin were acquired by Lufthansa) and assumed a controlling interest in the remainder of Pan Am, which continued to operate routes from Miami to London, Paris and Latin America. In 2000, the livery was again changed, this time to consist of an all-white fuselage with a three-tone tail design (in red, dark blue, and light blue) resembling waving fabric. This added a north–south network from Chicago and Detroit to Houston and New Orleans – and Delta's first international route, New Orleans to Caracas via Havana. Delta's entire active fleet is now composed of twinjets. Delta Air Lines operates 777 commercial aircraft, making it the third largest airline fleet in the world. Delta Air Lines (DAL) plunged into bankruptcy in September 2005, marking the culmination of more than a decade of management missteps made largely out of hubris. The Widget was also revised by Landor Associates to feature soft curves. Delta Airlines Timeline Timeline created by joneshc. [5][6][7][8], Passenger operations began in 1929, from Dallas, Texas, to Jackson, Mississippi, soon extending east to Atlanta and west to Fort Worth, Texas. [46], In 1998, Delta and United Airlines introduced a marketing partnership that included a reciprocal redemption agreement between SkyMiles and Mileage Plus programs and shared lounges. Learn how and when to remove this template message, Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport, Enterprise Turnaround Initiative Corporation of Japan, United States Department of Transportation, Delta Air Lines–Northwest Airlines merger, House Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure, Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky International Airport, "Delta's history: From dusting crops to connecting the world", "Delta exits bankruptcy after 19-month restructuring", "Delta exits bankruptcy with planes full", "Delta, Northwest approved to fly under single operating certificate", "Delta-Northwest Merger's Long and Complex Path", https://www.aia-aerospace.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/06/THE-1924-AIRCRAFT-YEAR-BOOK.pdf, https://www.aia-aerospace.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/06/THE-1925-AIRCRAFT-YEAR-BOOK.pdf, "Delta Air Lines; Delta Through the Decades", "Historic Aerospace Site: Delta Air Lines Headquarters, Atlanta, Georgia", "The Spirit of Delta launched to commemorate anniversary", MD-11 jumbo jet arriving to fly Delta into the future, Pan Am Faces Shutdown Today Without Financing, "Pan Am, Creditors Sue Delta – The Washington Post – HighBeam Research", "Market Place; In the volatile airline industry, it's Delta's time to shine", "Company news; Pan American Route Transfer", "Company News; Northwest Agrees To Pay $5 Million For London Route", "Delta Air Lines and United Airlines to end marketing relationship|Airline Industry Information|Find Articles at BNET.com", "SkyTeam Alliance Members – Member Airlines of SkyTeam", "Delta Air Lines Plan of Reorganization (LAX included in 5 hubs/gateways, pgs 23 and 24)", "Guiding Pilots to their Professional Goals", "Delta Air Lines Seeks 'Crown Jewel' for New York-JFK Hub: Nonstop Flights to London", "Delta Air Lines in black for 2007; Business Courier of Cincinnati, Wednesday, January 23, 2008", "Delta Continues Successful International Expansion with New Nonstop Service to Dubai, Seoul, three Destinations in Europe", "US Airways Proposes Merging With Delta Air Lines", "Delta workers see trouble in takeover bid", "US Airways CEO: Delta's self-valuation 'lacks credibility, "Delta Air Lines Issues Preliminary Statement Regarding US Airways Revised Proposal", Delta Air Lines Is Speculated To Be In Talks with Two Other Airlines For Possible Merger, "US Air drops hostile bid for Delta after creditors say no – Jan. 31, 2007", "Video showing FLY DELTA JETS sign being relighted", "DAL – Delta Air Lines, Inc. – Google Finance", "Former Northwest CEO Becomes Delta Chief", "Hedge fund calls for Delta-United merger – South Florida Business Journal", "Delta Air says it's not in merger talks with United", "JAL mulling capital, business tie-up with Delta Air Lines: sources", "JAL in talks to strengthen ties with American Airlines", "Japan Airlines: Still in Talks With Delta, American", https://www.transportation.gov/office-policy/aviation-policy/dot-aviation-anti-trust-immunity-cases, "Report: Japan Airlines to leave oneworld, defect to SkyTeam", "JAL dumps alliance with American Airlines in favor of Delta, SkyTeam", Delta Air Lines Begins Merger Talks With NWA and UAL, Delta/Northwest Announce Merger Agreements, "Delta Air steps up makeover with branding changes", "Delta-Northwest merger will pick up steam soon – Detroit Free Press", "NWA-Delta merger seen likely to pass U.S. scrutiny", "Delta's merger with Northwest gets OK in Europe - chicagotribune.com", "Delta, Northwest deal gets DOJ approval", "Passengers stranded after Delta flights grounded worldwide", "Delta Resumes Flights With Delays After Worldwide Outage", "Delta Meltdown Reflects Problems With Aging Technology", https://www.flightglobal.com/news/articles/delta-takes-north-americas-first-a220-453029/, "Delta Air Lines Buys Stake in Latin America's Latam at American's Expense", "Delta Air Lines To Acquire LATAM Airbus A350 Aircraft", "LATAM Intends To Leave The oneworld Alliance", "Delta to buy 20% of LATAM for $1.9 billion in regional shake-up", "Delta is buying 20% of LATAM, Latin America's largest airline", "Delta buys $1.9 billion LATAM stake, snatching partner away from American Airlines", "LATAM to leave the Oneworld alliance, but will it join SkyTeam? For more information, see Founding. The Points Guy: Delta leads airline industry in pandemic safety. Travel Air S-6000-B airplanes carry five passengers and one pilot. [65] Delta CEO Gerald Grinstein retorted by stating that the Tempe-based airline was "the worst of all potential merger partners". Delta also will dispose its 9% stake in Gol Transportes Aéreos. [48], In 2000, Delta partnered with AeroMéxico, Air France, and Korean Air to form SkyTeam, a global alliance. 3 carrier of domestic passengers in the U.S., behind Southwest Airlines Co. LUV, +0.56% and American Airlines AMR, +50.00%, and is the No. Only People Make the Difference. 1947 Delta's fleet totals 644 available seats. Analysts called the move a desperate one, estimating ASA's worth at around $700–$800 million – a price which SkyWest would not have been willing to pay.[53]. In the past, Delta used to purchase or lease older generation aircraft and fly them for sometimes up to an age of over 30 years, much longer than most other major airlines. [122] The livery consisted of a mostly white fuselage and bare metal underside with a blue cheatline over the windows, topped by a narrow red cheatline and rearward-angled "Delta Air Lines" titles (later shortened to simply "Delta"). [78][79] 4 … The total price for these assets was $1.3 billion. Th… Delta cuts 13,000 of 82,000 employees through early retirement, voluntary severance, involuntary furloughs and layoffs — including 700 Utah jobs. Your audience is our audience. [36] In 1987, Delta merged with Western Airlines, and Ron Allen became CEO of the combined airline. Delta is first airline to fly nonstop Chicago-Miami, initially with Douglas DC-4 planes. In 1982, the airline acquired its first Boeing 737s. David Howard Receives University Award for Excellence October 2, 2020 Director of Instructional Innovation Services David Howard has been honored with an NC State University Award for Excellence, the most prestigious award bestowed upon non-faculty employees. La. [89], On 14 April 2008, following merger talks first reported on 15 January 2008,[90] Delta and Northwest Airlines announced that they would merge to create the world's largest airline under the Delta name. 1968: Delta Is Ready When You Are. 1929 Delta operates first passenger flights over route stretching from Dallas, Texas to Jackson, Mississippi, via Shreveport and Monroe, Louisiana. This countered entertainment offerings of other airlines like JetBlue Airways, and took after Song's services. [1][2] The company's history began with the world's first aerial crop dusting operation called Huff Daland Dusters Inc., founded in 1925 in Macon, Georgia[3] to combat the boll weevil infestation of cotton crops. From the small beginnings at Macon, Georgia and then Monroe, Louisiana and a small five-passenger plane, Delta has grown to become one of the world's leading airlines. [4] C.E. [31] The network expanded to Washington DC and New York in 1956; like Braniff, Delta initially flew only to Newark, but between 1957 and 1958 both airlines added flights to Idlewild. Of that, $970 million was to come from debt relief, lease and facility savings, and previously commenced fleet modifications. [92] The Atlanta-based combined airline will have $17.7 billion enterprise value. Delta will reveal the new collection at an exclusive event on Tuesday, Oct. 18, in Atlanta. Inaugural Passenger Flight For Delta On June 17th, 1929, Delta had their inagural flight for passengers. [84] A JAL spokesman denied the report, stating that negotiations with Delta and American were continuing.[85]. Click here to view the timeline in a larger window. Non-union workers' salaries were to be reduced by a minimum of 9% across the board, with a 15% reduction for executive officers and a 25% pay cut for CEO Gerald Grinstein. Delta started operation by crop dusting and flying mail and then introduced passenger service. Beginning in 1954, with the arrival of the Douglas DC-7, Delta (then known as Delta-C&S, after a merger with Chicago and Southern Air Lines in 1953) designated flights using the airline’s newest aircraft type as first class Golden Crown Service flights. Tens of thousands of people were stranded worldwide. Destinations included Bangkok, Fukuoka (resumed 28 December 2011 from Honolulu as a seasonal route), Hong Kong, Manila, Nagoya, Seoul, Taipei, and Tokyo (resumed 3 June 2009 replacing Northwest Airlines route). The effort, called Project 767, was spearheaded by three Delta flight attendants to show the employees' appreciation to Delta for solid management and strong leadership during the first years following airline deregulation. 1970: The Airline Run by Professionals. Delta is first airline to fly living vegetable plants (160,000 tomato plants). Beebe becomes Chairman and CEO. [3][23][24] On 17 June 1929, Delta Air Service began flying 5-passenger Travel Airs from Dallas, Texas, to Jackson, Mississippi, with stops in Shreveport and Monroe, Louisiana. [citation needed] On 31 January 2007, Delta's creditors rejected US Airways' hostile takeover attempt, and US Airways withdrew its offer to buy Delta. They had previously voted No to Union representation. Ironically, rival carrier Northwest Airlines also sought Chapter 11 protection that same day via a filing with the same court; Delta and Northwest would eventually merge several years later, after both companies had restructured and had emerged from bankruptcy, with Delta as the surviving corporate entity. The tail was painted entirely blue as well, with a curved red accent along the leading edge. As early as 2004, in an effort to avoid bankruptcy, Delta began restructuring the company, which included job cuts and an aggressive expansion of Atlanta operations by some 100 new flights, making it a 'super-hub' and requiring the airline to spread its flight schedule more evenly across the day. [54], In 2005, Delta accelerated its restructuring, targeting an additional $3 billion per year in cost reductions by 2007. Delta also exhausted its pilot recall list and, in December 2006, began accepting pilot applications for the first time in 5 years. [41] In December 1994, a federal judge ruled in favor of Delta, concluding that it was not liable for Pan Am's demise. Giving . [28], In 1941, Delta moved its headquarters from Monroe to Atlanta.[29]. Delta is … In its report, Delta cited many reasons for rejecting the bid, including it would lead to worse customer service, possible layoffs, an inefficient carrier, the carrier with the largest debt-load in the industry, and near-monopoly powers. Cotton as an agricultural crop is central to the story of the birth of Delta Air Lines, the world’s largest airline in 2016. By the numbers: A final salute to Delta’s MD-88 and MD-90 ‘Mad Dogs’ Video. On 8 February 2010, Japan Airlines chose to remain partners with American Airlines and stay in Oneworld, ending talks with Delta. [9][3][25], A reprieve came for Delta on the heels of the "airmail scandal", when the U.S. Congress enacted the Air Mail Act of 1934. These shares began trading normally on Thursday, 3 May 2007. Wedding bells ring as Queen of the Skies takes final flight, Customers, employees say farewell to Queen of the Skies in Seoul, Delta adds visits to Seattle Boeing production airfield and LAX to 747 Farewell Tour, Delta 747 farewell tour moves from Seattle to Atlanta, 747 farewell tour makes first stop in Detroit, Delta customers, employees saying goodbye to iconic 747. Travel Well. Sherman Island is the site of the first coordinated levee system in the Delta. [83], On 4 January 2010, the Yomiuri Shimbun reported that JAL and the Japanese government-backed Enterprise Turnaround Initiative Corporation of Japan would likely choose to form a business and capital tie-up with Delta, and that JAL would enter the SkyTeam alliance as part of the deal. The company name officially became Delta Air Lines in 1945. The 747 became the most recognizable aircraft in the world, but its era is ending. The Travel Air S-6000B was a small plane featuring room for five passengers and one pilot. In 1930, service to Atlanta is initiated, and the company is renamed “Delta Air Corporation.” Crop-dusting division ceases operations. [94][95], The deal passed anti-trust overview from the Department of Justice; as most analysis expected, the deal was not blocked, due to the minimal overlap between the two airlines' routes and very little threat to competition in the industry. [86] Also, JAL announced that it would leave Oneworld and would join the SkyTeam alliance. Delta Air Lines grew out of a crop dusting service from the 1920s. This action sent shares of both airlines up. All of Northwest's aircraft were eventually repainted in Delta's livery. The revised offer was set to expire by 1 February unless Delta's creditors opened the airline's books to US Airways and delayed a scheduled 7 February court hearing pertaining to Delta's reorganization plan. This timeline chronicles the evolution of the Delta uniform, from off-the-rack suits at Rich's department store to on-the-runway ensembles by world-renowned fashion designer Zac Posen. [91] The merger formed the largest commercial airline in the world, with 786 aircraft. Representative Jim Oberstar of Minnesota, who also serves as chair of the House Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure, made clear his opposition to the merger, and he fought it in Washington[citation needed]. Woolman secured a low-bid contract for the new Mail Route 24,[24] flying used Stinson "T" Trimotors,[26] with a route from Charleston, South Carolina, to Fort Worth, with stops in Columbia, Augusta, Atlanta, Birmingham, and Meridian along the way. In May 2012 the final group of employees and flight attendants began to work together. Officially termed "Colors in Motion," it was frequently referred to as "Wavy Gravy." With the introduction of the airline's first jets in 1959, the Douglas DC-8 and Convair 880 were again given bespoke liveries not used on other types. Its queenly appearance and whale-like hump has made an impression on the world since the 1970s. The livery underwent a major change in 1997, with the cheatline changed to curve down over the nose of the aircraft (with a similar red accent) and two-tone serif "Delta Air Lines" titles. Until 1941, Delta's network was an unbranched string of twelve cities from Fort Worth to Charleston SC. On aircraft with wing-mounted engines, the nacelles were painted dark blue. Delta Air Lines have gone through more than 20 different logotypes since they were founded in 1928. [66], On 10 January 2007, US Airways raised its bid by 20%, to $10.2 billion. What is known today as Delta Air Lines was founded in 1924 in Monroe, Louisiana, as Huff Daland Dusters, commencing commercial flights in mid-June, 1929. Woolman and other investors incorporated the former crop-dusting assets of Delta Air Service as Delta Air Corporation in 1930. [62], In addition to Delta management, Delta employees appeared to be extremely skeptical of US Airways management's claims that a merger would result in no job reductions and provide a more secure future for a combined entity. Delta Air Lines posted a nearly $6 billion loss for the past three months, its worst loss since 2008, and warned that bookings are declining as Covid-19 cases rise. One-millionth passenger boards. JAL and Delta intended to sign the agreement after JAL's bankruptcy protection proceedings began, and both airlines would apply for antitrust immunity with the United States Department of Transportation. Additionally, Delta will defer deliveries, cut capital costs by $2 billion, and park up to 600 aircraft. Woolman began a passenger service the following year between Dallas, Texas and Jackson, Mississippi. [102][103][104][105], In September 2017, Delta flight 431 from San Juan to New York's JFK became famous for fleeing Category 5 Hurricane Irma just before it made landfall on the island of Puerto Rico. This weekend Delta will bid a final farewell to one of its most iconic aircraft, the last Boeing 747-400 to be retired by a U.S. air carrier. 1974: Delta Is My Airline. One final homecoming: Legacy of a Delta DC-7B culminates in Atlanta return. The Delta Air Lines uniform has been a visual statement about the company's commitment to streamlined and professional service since its inception. [64], On 20 December 2006, Delta and its financial advisor, the Blackstone Group, declared that Delta would be valued at between $9.4 billion and $12 billion after emerging from bankruptcy, which would (at the time of this writing[when?]) Their headquarters were based in Monroe, Louisiana Jun 17, 1929. 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